About Indian Jute and Jute Textile

Indian Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal. Jute, the golden fibre, meets all the standards for ‘safe’ packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendly product.

The total area under jute cultivation in India varies between 6.38 lakh hectares to 10 lakh hectares, which is the highest in the world. This constitutes 0.6 per cent of the total area sown during the Kharif crop season. There is no significant change in area under jute cultivation since 1992-93 onwards.

Jute is an important cash crop, which is as an intercrop before paddy transplantation in most parts of the country. This has significant contribution to the farm income of a large section of rural households. Production of raw jute and mesta has witnessed a steady increase since 1951-52. It was 13.2 lakh M.T. in Jute year 1990-91 (July-June), which rose to 14.76 lakh M.T. in the Jute year 2008-09.

Globally, India is the largest producer and second largest exporter of jute goods and this sector supports the livelihood of about 40 lakh farm families, and provides direct and indirect employment to 4 lakh workers. There are 78 Jute mills in the country. Of these 61 are in West Bengal, 3 each in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, 7 in Andhra Pradesh, and one each in Assam, Orissa, Tripura and Chhattisgarh.